'A Female and Male Savage of Terra del Fuego', 1795. The Selk'nam and Yaghans were the native people of Tierra del Fuego. They almost became extinct after gold was discovered in 1879, prompting large-scale immigration.
Tierra del Fuego is an archipelago at South America’s southernmost tip, shared by Chile and Argentina. It’s known for its dramatic landscape of snowy mountains, glaciers, tundra and wind-sculpted trees. Its main island, Isla Grande, is home to the Argentine resort town of Ushuaia. Sometimes called “the End of the World,” Ushuaia is a gateway to the region and Antarctica to the south.
Map of South America showing the Andes running along the entire western part (roughly parallel to the Pacific coast) of the continent